The Sirius Mystery
Did extraterrestrial intelligences have visited the Earth from the dog star Sirius?
A report by Walter Hain
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In the west African state of Mali, lives a tribe of aurochs inhabitants, that has a knowledge, that already in the sixties of the 20th century, with many authors and researchers advised the presumption, that this would be able to come from extraterrestrial intelligences. It is the question of the tribe of the Dogon, that seemingly have knowledges of more than one of the brightest fixed stars, the star Sirius, those are not even known the modern astronomers.
A work that this phenomenon describes at length and that also attained some popularity is the book of the Englishman Robert K.G. Temple that was published in Great Britain in 1976 under the title "The Sirius Mystery". The subtitle of this book sets provocatively the question: "Had our earth once visit of intelligent beings from the field of the dog star Sirius?". Temple demonstrates extensively in his book why we must accept, that the Dogon had visit once from extraterrestrial ones. Temple means concretely to this: "It looks whole as if there would be massive evidences that a contact of this kind would be able to have happened before relatively short time - about 7000 to 10,000 years ago -; the material which leads us to this presumption lets no other interpretation to."
The Englishman began already in 1967 seriously with his work. "It was at first a question only of tradition of an African tribe: the Dogon in Mali (the formerly French part of Sudan). "The Dogon had informations over the Sirius star system - so incredible information, that I did could differently simply not: I had to pursue the thing", means Temple. And further: ""Seven years later, the clues instead accumulated with me, that the knowledge of the Dogon is in reality already more than 5000 years old. Already the ´old´ Egyptians had it, namely already in predynastic, prehistoric time from the year 3200 BC ago and from these ´old´ Egyptians no doubt, are the Dogon descended. At least is valid this – partial ones - to their culture and its nation itself it would be allowed to apply not less."
The Dogon know a creation myth whose starting point is the star "Digitaria". He should be a companion of the fixed star Sirius and he should orbit the central star. "The Dogon consider him to be least and heaviest of all stars ones. He contains the buds of all things. Its movement around its own axis and all around Sirius guarantees the forther work of creative strengths in the cosmos. We will see that this movement determines the calendar", as the two French ethnologists Marcel Griaule and Germain Dieterlen already wrote in 1954 in their book "African Worlds". They made extensive investigations in the case of the tribe of the Dogon.
Therefore, Sirius that is away from about 8.6 light-years from the earth does not go around the star by far visible at the night sky separate around its companion with that he forms a double galaxy mentioned like this. It is indeed the amazing on the Dogon traditions that they know apparently from a Sirius companion although this is not visible with free eyes and this was also not registerd in the fifties of the 20th century from an astronomical telescope.
However, it was confessed for a long time that the Sirius moves in peculiar way. The German astronomer Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel detected this movement that ran in a weak arch already in the year 1830. He observed this movement between 1830 and 1840. The arch received a minimum deflection at this period. As if a dog of the left street side sniffs according to the right one. In such a way, the star received the denotation "dog star". Should already this astronomical knowledge have been known by the Dogon - or even the Egyptians and the Babylonians?
In 1862 only the Sirius companion was detected and also astronomically calculated from the American astronomer Alvan Clark. The following data result from it: The mass of the star mentioned Sirius B now conducts 1.02 M; the density 3 times 109 kg per cubic meters; the red shift 2.7 times 10-4; and the radius 5400 km. Sirius B was first considered fuer a usual, very light weak star. However, spectroscopic investigations then showed in 1914 that Sirius B must have very high surface temperatures, namely, 25,000 degrees Kelvin, what corresponds to 24,727 degrees Celsius. The star lights up shiningly white. The light weakness of Sirius B was therefore to be traced back only to the relatively small surface of the star. Then in the year 1970, the American astronomer Dr. Irving W. Lindenblad, of the U.S. Naval Observatory, in Washington, with the aid of an astronomical telescope, for the first time succeeded a photograph of Sirius B.
Picture: Astronomical photograph of Sirius A and Sirius B (Source: Lick Observatory).
The also in antiquity well known fixed star Sirius is valid with the astronomers as a star of first size. His diameter was determined at 2.7 million km and he shines more brightly 24 times than our sun which has a diameter of about 1.39 million km. The surface temperature of our sun conducts 5785 degrees Kelvin, that corresponds to 5512 degrees Celsius. The star Sirius has a almost double so high surface temperature, indeed 9600 degrees Kelvin, correspondingly to 9327 degrees Celsius. Its companion, Sirius B, almost has five times the surface temperature of our sun, however, a considerably higher density. A cubic meter of its matter does not weigh tons less than 3 million. Sirius B appertains to the "white dwarfs" called like this because of its high surface temperature and its small size. He has a diameter of 10,800 km, that is less than our earth at their 12,756 km. A "white dwarf" is a star of relatively small mass which is arrived at the end of its life and which constricts itself in a gravitational collapse through what its density increases extremely strongly.
This double star system therefore, with an almost twice as big and twice as hot central star as our sun, with a white dwarf as a companion, with also high surface temperatures and gigantic gravitational strengths, that even bring the central star into rocking, on eyes, must one come in of the knowledge of the Dogon. How amazing and significant is this knowledge in fact? It approves the end really, extraterrestrial intelligences of Sirius must already have visited the African tribe of the Dogon or other nations in the African room millennia ago?
"The knowing of the natives of the Sirius system, comes from four Sudanese nations: the Dogon in the field of Bandiagara, the Bambara and the Bozo into Segou as well as the Minianka in the Koutiala field", stands in the German translation of the investigations of the two French ethnologists Marcel Griaule and Germain Dieterlen, originally published in 1950 in the Paris newspaper "Journal de la Société des Africanistes".
"The four main informants of the Dogon, where the main investigations occurred between 1946 and 1950 they were: Innekouzou Dolo, a woman of 65 to 70 years; Ongnonlou, a patriarch 60 to 65 years old; Yébéné, a priest 50 years old; and Manda, also a priest of 45 years", reported Griaule and Dieterlen. And further: "The system was described at length as a whole from Ongnonlou that an exceptionally undisclosed knowledge treasure represented and only a elementary knowledge or - like the Bambara it mention-´ easy knowledge´ represent. The laws of the Sirius system one in part represents very complicatedly and in part very simply. This, in order to divert the attention of much more secret calculations. The system corresponds to an opening degree whose carrier however is not necessarily responsible for the calculations itself."
The two French researchers mean to this: "What us begin, so have we us through the collected documents for no hypotheses be induced let, and also the origin of appropriate information are we not been. The question is still unresolved, yes they was not even thrown open, how people could know answer over movement and qualities of celestial bodies those are hardly visible without astronomical instruments."
The Dogon celebrate a ritual designated as "Sigui" (= ceremony) all 60 years. Purpose of this ritual is the renewal of the world. It became at length in a described manner already 1931 of them. Then was that Sanga-Hogon, which became in 1935 enthroned, the oldest man in the nonlocal field. One can these Sigui ceremonies, with the aid of the created in this connection one, trace back wooden masks and certain fermentation tub contens, into the 12th century. Ognonlou even meant actually 24 such ceremony subjects which in each case 60 years represent, should exist, with what, one would come into the time around 500 after Christ (calculated from 1935). In anyway, the names those the Dogon give to the star in question - they call the Sirius "Sigi Tolo" (=Sigui star) or "Yasigi Tolo" (=Yasigi star) - associate clearly with the celebration of world renewal inspected all 60 years, how Temple reports.
This also appears in the "Sigui calculation" which consists of a normal array of angle models and which is subdivided into each case three parts for each 20. The ethnologist R. Bastide however, mean that "in general the world in 22 being categories is organized, that corresponding to each other, element and element, precise; there are exist 22 insect kinds, 22 animal species, 22 plant species and also the human being from 22 pieces, and so forth". What does therefore have it at these 60 years to itself?
Now, "Sirius itself is by no means the basis of this system. Rather, his position forms of the foci only one within the orbit of a tiny, of ´Digitaria´ star (po tolo) or ´Yourougou´ star (yurugu tolo) celestial body mentioned, they play that for his part the decisive role and the virtually alone the attention of the masculine inaugurated is valid", it is called it in recordings of Griaule and Dieterlen.
This Digitaria star should have a bus cycle time of 50 years which however is twice valid according to the Dogon, "so that one comes for 100 years, because also one inspects the Sigui celebrations in´ twin pair ´, in order not to deviate from the principle of lamination. After Dogon tradition was, before one that ´hunger rice star (Digitaria)´ knew, in each case at the end its seven government year (according to the seven harvest) the most supreme tribe chief sacrificed. That was the single chronology which one knew. One then still knew nothing of year counts. In order to stimulate the sacrifice again its intellectual and physical substance wandered onto the ´hunger rice star´, from its existence one indeed already knew without meanwhile knowing closer details because the star was invisible and further details were not yet manifested the people".
Therefore, the first seven chiefs subject themselves to this rule in the course of 49 years. "Nevertheless when the eighth had chief whom star detects, he decided to withdraw itself from the fate of his seven predecessors. He set up dead themselves supplementary by his son, maintained a couple of months and then appeared before his successor. He told he would be on ´Digitaria´, might know its secrets and every Hogon will from now on govern 60 years to that - the space of time which separated a Sigui celebration later from the other one." In such a way, it came at the space of time of 60 years.
Therefore, we take together: The Dogon celebrated their world renewal ceremonies in former times all seven years (seven harvests) and then was the most supreme chief - he had governed in the meanwhile seven years - sacrificed. One then already knew the invisible "hunger rice star" however one knew no details. The eighth chief decided this to change. He claimed to have been on "Digitaria" and to now know its secrets. He put the government of every Hogon on from 7 to 60 years - the eighth chief yes was there. Too Temple recognizes a contradiction in, he is yet sure of itself, that the orbital period 50 years conducts and calls itself with it on P. Baize that brings the "hunger rice star" with the 1862 detected Sirius B in touch.
I had already caught up me in 1979 from the institute for astronomy of the Unversity of Vienna corresponding information to this. Then was following me informations through Dr. Ernst Goebel: "The distance between the components A and B of the Sirius system changes due to strong orbit eccentricity in the boundaries from 3.06 to 11.94 astronomical units, AU (1 AU = distance from the Earth to the Sun of 149.6 million km); on average 7.50 AU. The orbital period was determined independent of it to 50.09 years." Therefore, it is correct that Sirius has a orbital period of about 50 years.
It however, adds to report even further
in the Dogon recordings of the "hunger rice star: "The eighth Hogon taught the
people. Through him they became acquainted with the special features of the star,
but also the qualities of the Sirius system in general. The white star - Sirius
against it flames red - stands at the beginning of all things. As the first of
all stars God created the hunger rice star. ´Digitaria´ is that ´egg of the
world ´, ´ Aduno Tal ´, the infinitely small, that dismissed every end of be
from itself in his being, the visible or the invisible. He consists of three of
the four basic elements: the air, light and water. That earth stick is
represented through metal. He was at the beginning no more and not less than a
granule, ´Digitaria Exilis´, a ´small thing´ of a heart which swivels itself in
a conical spiral and sends out buds in this case incessantly."
Accordingly, we can find that the eighth chief announced the qualities of the Sirius system and that God has the "hunger rice star" as the first created. However, this can not be well possible for astrophysical, because probably other stars in the universe firstly resulted before and no doubt secondly, Sirius A will have resulted, as a central star - as well as our sun -, before Sirius B. Therefore, Sirius B can not be the "egg of the world", that "in its being, every end of be from itself dismiss". A star indeed quite can exist of water (hydrogen) and fire, however with air (4/5 nitrogen, 1/5 oxygen), there will be some difficulties - for this purpose, one might consider the enormous gravitational strengths on Sirius B.
That "earth stick", that "is represented through metal" one would be able to still perhaps accept, because, Sirius B as a "small thing that sends out buds incessantly" and that "initial not less than a granule" was to be designated, is nevertheless a little strange. Sirius B would in the meanwhile no more exist at all, if he loses so many "buds". Rather, it is turned around, when a star itself thickens from an initially cosmic fog, from innumerable cosmic "buds", and as a result can also result planets.
However, even further qualities of the "hunger rice star" of the Dogon can not be compared with actual qualities of Sirius B. In such a way, the star "Digitaria´ has been become, creative movement since beginning cloth. His first product is an extraordinarily heavy mass that decides itself outside at the coat of the movement figure (and/or at the wrapper) that represents the basket sieve. The mass accomplished in such a way is reminiscent of a mortar - twice as large as the usual device of this kind used by women otherwise. According to the version which one tells to the men, this mortar contains three departments: All water beings are in the first one, at the second all countrymen, at the third, all inhabitants of air. One introduces the star actual as a thick oval, its lower half presents a spiral with three turns (the three departments) imagine , as Temple reported.
We read a few pages here again of that unprobabilities, that Sirius B (therefore Digitaria) is the "beginning of the creation" and not the star itself but "its first product" is designated as an "extraordinarily heavy mass". Also are called it: "The thing which comes out which leaves (from the star) becomes daily so large as it itself. In other words: what the star dismisses from itself increases daily around the own volume." Therefore, the star is not so extraordinarily heavy itself but only its product and in addition, it calls something confusing elsewhere: "Stay he that has this function, is the star, as least is, at the same time the heaviest celestial body: DIGITARIA is the least thing which is there. It is the heaviest star."
These opinions are of course astrophysical completely wrong, because Sirius B firstly is neither the least nor the heaviest one of all celestial bodies, and secondly is hardly that on it "water being, countryman and inhabitant of the air" will give. No doubt, this is not well possible at a surface temperature of 24,727 degrees Celsius and the more than hundred thousand times stronger gravity as on the earth's surface. The Dogon do also apparently not know the difference between stars and planets, because all celestial bodies are stars in their Sirius system and it does by no means only consist of two stars. The star "Emma Ya" e.g., "(feminine kaffir horn, feminine kaffir millet), is four times so easy more largely than Digitaria, however. He rounded off the Sirius in same direction like Digitaria and in the same time (50 years), only on a much further orbit".
This is in turn astrophysically not very probable, because a star must have a longer orbital period in "a much further orbit", what associates with the sky mechanics. Indead, there are also in actual fact several stars which rotate around a common center. In such a way, e.g., Irving Lindenblad writes: "In the case of the numerous observed three systems of stars those move themselves around a common force of gravity center indemnified one that the third element always has a much greater distance and (a corresponding one) period as the other two components. The sky mechanics clarifies this phenomenon, because it can be demonstrated that a triple system is unstable, if the two second stars are immediately almost remote far from the gravitational center of the system."
For Dr. Paul Murdin, from the Royal
Observatory in Greenwich, is there no basis anyway "that there should not also
be a Sirius C, maybe a further white dwarf, away from Sirius A around the four
hundred fold radius of our sun, its orbit in the sky tier is, so that he does
not damage the radial rate of Sirius A".
According to therefore, Sirius C would run of about 280 million km at a distance around Sirius A. That would still be within the orbit of Sirius B, that at a distance between about 457.4 million and 1.78 billion km (on the average 1.12 billion km) rotated around Sirius A. However, numerous new observations showed that this and also other assumptions, after what Sirius B herself exists again from two components, were not confirmed. A so close companion would indeed must itself in one short periodic for orbit movement, the main star also then noticeable make, if the presumed companion would remain unrecognized as a white dwarf himself.
Picture: The Sirius system of the Dogon.
However, the Sirius system of the Dogon consists - how mentioned already - of several stars. So from the "Yourougou star" (5), that "directly ramp-downed to earth", what through a sickle kind sign, that is down open is represented. Then gives a "woman star" (6), mentioned to "Nyan Tolo", a satellite of "Emme Ya", the "woman sign" (7), that symbolizes the relationship between the sexes. There is then a star which represents the genitals of the women, an oval (8) opened down, and finally the "Nommo star" (9) itself, that through a normal stroke with a line "burst into three unequal parts", down openly, - as it is called - is represented. He is the seat of the woman soul of the future, of the souls deceased and the existing ones. As a whole the system is represented as a egg shaped thing put on the top, with the respective symbols in it - Sirius A is to the left outside (1).
Picture: The orbit of Sirius B around Sirius A seen astronomically (Source: Sol Company 2001, chandra.harvard.edu)
Regards one itself this representation
non-prejudiced one can then recognize actual no sensible purchase to a typical
astronomical system. The central star is from the focuses of an ellipse far from
here and he would approve no uniform orbits for possible planets in this
position. The "hunger rice star" (2 and 3) defined as Sirius B circulates in
this representation in completely sensless wise all other "stars". Especially is
be considered the "woman star" (6) that should run around the "kaffir millet
star" (4). Through this arrangement, we see anyway that the Sirius system of the
Dogon - if it is a question of a genuine star system -, would have to no doubt
look very different.
Therefore, a living being should have come from this star systen that the Dogon and - after Temple - also the Egyptians and the Babylonians brought the culture. It is a question of the so called NOMMO, as the Dogon mention him - or rather the NOMMO´s, a kind of fish similar beings. The Dogon indeed know to report, these beings "to be into a single scullers ´ark´ landed, they looked as a kind spiral", that "the turn and whirl that gotten from the sky ark" it should represent. The "Sirigi mask models" set up by the Dogon should symbolize and look this "as missiles floated spaceships". It is a question of upright geometrical models, similar to obelisks.
R. Bastide describes these descent in something other way: "The highest God Amma created the earth and then married them; the clitoris of earth however, represented by a termite hill move against the divine phallus, and Amma had to trim its wife, in order to be able to have her. Jurugu originated from this union. He will bring disorder into the world. However Amma inseminates the Earth again through rain, and the twins Nommo escaped from these new unions, a masculine and a feminine one, and these become the model of future creations. Nommo also sent the first forge who climbed down along the rainbow in an ark to the people later, in that he lead from every living being, also from every skill and rock per a specimen with itself." One recognizes clearly similarity here with the Babylonian and too later biblical creation history.
Picture: The Nommo (Dogon drawing).
As Temple means in a mentioned manner that already the Babylonians had knowledge around the Sirius system and he quoted the Babylonian priest Berossos, that the Nommo apparantely especially good knows. He reports in his recordings of a being whom he calls Oannes, and that once emerged from the Erythreic sea: "The entire body of the animal resembled that of a fish, it had another head below the fish head, and it also had feet below at the body, similar to those of a human being. They had increased below the fish's tail. Too his voice and his language were clear and human and one keeps a representation of him still to this very day. If the sun sank, this being was accustomed into the sea to jump, and it fed the whole night at depth because it was an amphibian." On Babylonian rolling seals, strange fish Gods are to be seen in actual fact. Temple recognizes in these "slimier, slippery beings" intelligent visitors of the outer space.
I ask to this already in 1977 in a letter the biogeneticist Prof. Dr. R. W. Kaplan, whether a being weighingly existing in the water can develops an intelligence that corresponds to which of the human being and he answer me as follows: "That is not to be answered certainly by intelligence since we know too little via assumptions of the evolution. That it would be able environments very diverse for it and changing itself fast are necessary to be possible it, what no doubt applies lesser probably in the water as on the country."
The two anthropologists Doris and
David Jonas are in its German book "Die Ausserirdischen (tranl. "The
Extrarrestrials")" appeared in 1977 - where they pursue possible ways of life
in the cosmos - of the opinion, that such living beings require an
environment, "in that not only the depth of water the factor is. It must be a
question of an environment where limbs are or are at least of hands of benefit,
an environment, that to manipulation may provoke". On our earth, there yes are
quite intelligent living beings in the water - e.g. the dolphins and the
whales -, but they did not produce a technical culture and developed spaceships
The beings according to the Dogon recordings see less astronauts similar to but rather usual fish kinds. They also have no legs and no hands. The beings described by Berossos came to country during the day and remained in the sea at night. That would be very unusual for fishing being, they can not stay at country for a long time. Unless, we have to do it with very other beings here. They were quite like a human being perhaps yet they had a specific clothing which made them into fish similar beings. We only think of our deep sea divers with their neopren suits, the diver eyeglasses, the breathing apparatus and the fins. With technically uneducated nations, they would be able to quite raise the impression of fishing beings. Too spaceships would be able to land in the sea, as we saw by the Apollo space flights, and would be able to also stay there for a long time. Perhaps the beings described by the Dogon and the Babylonians were equipped with a little other connotations as our deep sea divers so that they seemed even more fishing similar. We can not of course completely exclude that the mentioned living beings of the Dogon or of the Babylonians were extraterrestrial astronauts, however the doubts are great.
The scientists indeed award a blooming imagination to the Babylonian priest because otherwise he reports on strange creatures in his creation histories with two wings, goat legs, horse legs, bull with human being heads and living being with fish's tails and links of every kind.
The Egyptians was yes also the star Sirius well known they calculated her years after the appearance of the star. Therefore, Temple also sees in it a connection with the traditions of the Dogon. The Egyptians should have revered several deities immediately, that were in touch with Sirius: "A similar name as Anubis (in the Egyptian one, actual ANPU) and combined likewise with Isis-Sothis (Sirius) is Anukis - a Gods companion of the Sothis was called like this, that (in addition to the goddess, Satis) on Egyptian paintings in the same sky boat as Sothis goes. So there are three goddesses together - possible personifications of Sirius A, Sirius B and Sirius C", means Temple.
However, the Egyptian Gods were multiform (polymorphous) and changeable. "They are no fixed stars at the sky, no fixed sizes, and they have human features insofar, as she, age and die", how Egyptologists know. They were only human beings who were brought in touch with the stars.
The Egyptians were as crazy adjusted onto Sirius although they had problems considerable with it. They made also then no institutions for themselves to be separated from the Sirius calendar as they recognized, that the morning rise of the star was late at the years of more and more. Later in the 4th century after Christ. a reform was introduced.
The Sirius was for the Sumerians of similar importance. Too they for the time being referred to that 365-day years and would change later to the more precise Sirius year of 365.25 days. On sumerian rolling seals are indeed on the occasion of represented strange fishing similar creationist beings, however mostly winged deities in connection with cosmic scenes.
Too the Persians who were yes not remote far from the Mesopotamian room the Sirius was confessed well. They called him "Tir" and they told to themselves a legend after what a fiery god lived in the water by the name of Vahagn, where the reed grows, as easely igniting food for the fire.
Interrogates one itself from where now having the Dogon its Sirius cult, then can these quite inserted from other people. The field of the Dogon was already submerged by the Islam very soon, already before in 1949 misssionars arrived there. Already 650 after Christ. they sat down permanently firm the Arabs in northern Africa - for the time being nonetheless only in the cities - and 1468 conquered the Lemta Berbers Timbuktu. Around 1500, Timbuktu became the center of the Islamic writing scholars. Ahmed Baba had alone a library of 1600 handwritings here. Timbuktu was engaged by the French in 1893. It would could therefore already before the investigations of the French researcher Griaule and Dieterlen in the years of 1946 and 1950 influences available been - and natural too a specific knowing via the star to be looked at easily at the night sky, the Sirius.
Temple indeed has made very much efforts around every detail which would be able to associate with extraterrestrial beings from Sirius, nevertheless on our planet that is covered by water to two third gives a lot of legends via amphibious beings - we only think of the mermaids. Too the number 50 finds itself in many places as a more or less mystic number, she needs not associate automatically with Sirius. It still remains in the case of the negative statement of the astronomers: "in the Sirius field, there are "hardly especially favorable preconditions of origin and the existence of intelligent living beings".
Since 1960, different public and private institutions with astronomical devices are searching the star sky according to signals from extraterrestrial intelligences: up to now without any success. They excluded the Sirius from the beginning, because no higher life is to be expected there. That needs not be end last of the wisdom however it is nevertheless remarkable.
The astronomer and philosopher Prof. Louis Navia, specifies for the most frequent star types the life tolerance zones - therefore the field in a solar system in that life developed higher would be able to result -, between 120 and 300 million km from the center. A planet in 300 million km of the central star supporting life remote, has probably a sun with surface temperatures by 30,000 degrees Celsius. The Sirius B against has a surface temperature of 24,727 degrees Celsius as we learned. He removes themselves to on 1.78 billion km from Sirius A. Accordingly would must itself a planet in the Sirius system of at least 2 billion km at a distance of Sirius A. However, this distance would be certainly extremely unfavorable for possible higher ways of life on this planet.
The astronomer Dr. Su-Shu Huang, from the Dearborn Observatory, has itself explained already to the early one seventies with the areas in the neighborhood favoring life from double star systems, and even a "roller coaster", each around a star, considered with it. He finally meant, this stellar combination might indeed be conceivable, "but she would be allowed to have fallen apart probably into another stellar grouping if she was accomplished once very soon - this anyway long before had time sufficient for life in the Sirius system would have to develop, itself".
The astronomers in addition, accept, that a star would become not more than a billion of years of lives with twofold solar mass, as Sirius B, before he inflates themselves to a "red giant" mentioned as. This period would not be for a long time enough for the origin of life and if this should nevertheless come about, a planet would have been roasted, in a followed manner by a stellar tempest, by the vigour expectoration while inflating ceremonially. However, the Sirius B is still not a red giant.
After observations of Sirius B through
the astronomer, H. L. Shipman, from the University of Delaware, since the last
30 million years this white dwarf is in chill and he sends out currently weak
X rays, what little speaks for life. A very good photo of Sirius B was made
with the space X-ray observatory Chandra on October 28, 1999 (see picture
below). Astronomers have in 2001 computed a "possibly disrupted habitable zone",
therefore a possible habitable, but brittle, zone around Sirius A, removing
itself sometimes. After this Sirius B would cross constantly the orbit of a
existing planet in this zone and would be current endanger this through it.
Picture: X ray picture of Sirius B (Big star).
The astronomer Robert S. Harrington,
of the U.S. Naval Observatory, did already shown in the end of the seventies
years that in planetary orbits of the "habitable" zone around Sirius, hardly
water in fluid state would exist, and that it is improbable from the fact,
that any amphibious living beings exist there.
Picture: Possible habitable but brittle zone around Sirius A
(Source: Sol Company 2001).
In addition, the relative orbit movement of Sirius B, as in the book of Temple, by means of a drawing one suggests, it does by no means goes out. The drawing was adapted randomly to the modern calculations, "because it exists of course no kind of possibility to find the speed of revolution of the ´hunger rice star´ (Digitaria) on account of information of the Dogon with safety", how Temple writes itself. Dr. Lindenblad wrotes already in 1973 to Temple: "What concerns your circulation diagrams of Sirius, nothing has to in such a way do my work with it at all. The modifications with which I was concerned concern very small quantities which can only be found with big telescopes, and it needs observations extended still even with such instruments."
The astronomer Prof. Dr. W. H. McCrea, from the University of Sussex, in England, also wrote in 1973 to Temple as follows: "In yours spirit- and imaginative investigation of Egyptian, Sumerian and Greek myths you have showed, it appears like this, that there were maybe in some nations ideas of about a dark, dense star, that possibly became in touch with Sirius. Increase however seems, how I said, not to be clear to me."
While every efforts around retrieval of
indications for visits of extraterrestrial intelligences in the recordings of
the Dogon, must recognize one, that they are itself in it at best an "easy
knowledge" over a specific fixed star. The Dogon know a star which is to be
looked at easily at the nocturnal sky with the free eye and which they show
their favor seemingly. Similar finds itself with the Egyptians and the
Babylonians. To the declaration of the world, the Dogon did not manage with only
one star and in such a way, they developed an own "star system" which has little
to do with an astronomical one. If they also mean a star moves around the other
one, in such a way, that is a knowledge, that established for itself from
certain considerations, and that also have developed other nations. It does not
must automatically from this a contact with extraterrestrial ones are derived.
The Dogon designate one of their "stars" merely as "the least thing which is there" and as "heaviest celestial body". This however only therefore, "because that what the star dismisses from itself, daily around the own volume increases", what does not apply to Sirius B. In addition, Digitaria is only so heavy "that all Earth beings can not lift him together", and he weighs as many, "as 480 donkey burdens (about 35,000 kg)". It is indeed the conceivably greatest number which the Dogon imagine itself can with it, however it would become the reference - if the knowledge should come in actual fact from extraterrestrial ones -, to 480 earth burdens or at all stars lased (too e.g. as many as 480 Sigui stars) already makes rather thoughtful. Actual weighs as many Sirius B about 600,000 times as our earth. Its gravity on the surface is 400,000 times stronger than the gravity on earth. This would have to follow from the knowledge of the Dogon if it would come from extraterrestrial ones. Everything what however the Dogon know, are findings of an astronomically underdeveloped nation.
That a star must be, or a celestial body
must be at all enormous heavily, is already presentable also for a lesser
developed nation from practical considerations quite. A stone is heavy, two
stones are heavier, three stones are even heavier, a big stone is especially
heavy, a mountain is enormously heavy, a mountain is inconceivably heavy, and so
forth. Therefore, a whole region or another a whole celestial body must be
much heavier around - and just also a star. Already from these considerations,
the Dogon would be a extraordinarily intelligent nation for earthly
circumstances. However, no contact with extraterrestrial intelligences can be
derived urgently from it.
(Text excerpt from the authors work IRRWEGE DER GESCHICHTE (transl. Wrong Ways of the History), published in Vienna 1981, re-worked and posted insignificantly.)
Temple, K. G.: Das Sirius-Rätsel, Frankf. a. Main, 1977
Temple, K. G.: The Sirius Mystery, London 1976.
Baize, P.: Le Compagnon de Sirius, in l’Astronomie, Sept. 1931.
Griaule, Marcel ; Dieterlen, Germain : Un Systéme de soudannais de Sirius,
in Journal de la Société des Africanistes 20, 1, Paris 1950.
Griaule, Marcel : Masques Dogons, l’Université de Paris 1938.
Bastide, R. : Die Mythologie der Afrikaner, bei Grimal, P.: Mythen
der Völker, Band 3 1977.
Jonas, D. u. D.: Die Außerirdischen, Zürich 1977.
Sexl, R. u. H.: Weiße Zwerge – schwarze Löcher, Hamburg 1975.
Bernatzik, Hugo A.: Die große Völkerkunde, Leipzig 1939.
Hain, Walter: Irrwege der Geschichte, Wien 1981.
Navia, Luis: Das Abenteuer Universum, Düsseldorf 1977.
Kaplan, Reinhard W.: Der Ursprung des Lebens, Stuttgart 1972.
More to the Sirius Mystery:
See an animation of possibly disrupted habitable zone:
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